Common eye conditions
dry
Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is very common in Canada and can present as redness, irritation, burning or gritty sensation, itching, tearing or blurry vision. Treatment will depend on the type and cause of dry eye.



cataract-1
Cataracts

Cataracts are the leading cause of preventable blindness in the world.  They are caused by the progressive opacification of the crystalline lens, usually due to a natural aging process. Diabetes, trauma, excessive UV light exposure or certain genetic factors can result in early onset of cataracts. 


We recommend protecting your eyes with sunglasses all year round since UV light can penetrate your eyes even on cloudy days.

Blue Light Glasses at CURA EyeCare Optometry
Computer Vision Syndrome

Computer vision syndrome or eyestrain from prolonged digital screen use can cause eye pain, fatigue, discomfort, redness and dryness. These symptoms can be eliminated with a proper prescription and blue light filtering lenses.




driving at night

Night Blindness & Driving

Night blindness or nyctalopia refers to difficulty seeing at night, especially while driving. Causes include uncorrected refractive error (e.g. myopia or astigmatism), cataracts or genetic retinal conditions (e.g. retinitis pigmentosa). 


Treatment depends on the cause, but generally involves the use of proper prescription glasses with special anti-reflective coatings and tints to reduce glare from light sources such as oncoming car headlights.


DR
Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a sight-threatening complication of diabetes. The prevalence of diabetes is rising worldwide at an alarming rate. All diabetics should get their eyes examined at least once a year due to increased risk of vision loss.

glauc
Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition that damages the optic nerves, usually due to high pressure in the eyes, which can lead to irreversible vision loss. The scary part of this disease is that it is “silent” in the early stages, meaning there are no symptoms until it becomes advanced. Early treatment is key in preventing permanent damage.



vision

Refractive Error

Uncorrected refractive error is the leading cause of visual impairment and can result in significant learning difficulties in children. Vision disorders can often be easily corrected with prescription eyewear, including glasses and contact lenses.

 

·    Myopia (near-sightedness) or difficulty seeing in the distance is becoming increasingly prevalent due to the increased use of digital screens. We offer myopia control for kids and teenagers to slow the progression of this condition.

 

·   Hyperopia (far-sightedness) or difficulty seeing at near can cause eyestrain and headaches, making it difficult to read and maintain focus. This is especially problematic for school-aged children since 80% of learning in visual.


·     Astigmatism is due to irregular curvature of the eye's cornea and/or lens resulting in distorted vision and increased glare and light sensitivity, especially at night.

 

·       Presbyopia or age-related difficulty with focusing at near in individuals aged 40 and up, can create eyestrain and headaches, especially in those spending a lot of time on the computer.

AMD
Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration is a condition that affects the part of the retina responsible for central vision. With both genetic and environmental risk factors, it is the leading cause of blindness in Caucasians above 65 years of age. 

conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Bacterial and viral eye infections can be highly contagious and sight-threatening if not treated properly. Symptoms include pain, redness, discharge, itching and tearing. Self-treatment is often unsuccessful and not recommended.


tips for Healthy eyes
Routine Eye Exams

Regular eye exams are important for diagnosing asymptomatic or silent eye diseases (e.g. glaucoma) in the early stages for timely treatment and a good prognosis. 


It is recommended for kids 0-18 years and seniors 65+ years to get their eyes checked annually, and for healthy adults to be checked every 2 years. Certain conditions require more frequent monitoring.

Eat Healthy

Eating a healthy balanced diet including leafy green vegetables (not just carrots) and a variety of fruits and nuts, is important to ensure your eyes get all the nutrients and vitamins they need. This is an easy way of reducing your risk of eye disease, such as macular degeneration.

Wear Sunglasses

Did you know up to 80% of the sun's harmful ultraviolet rays can penetrate through clouds? UV light can result in serious and sometimes permanent damage to your eyes, including cancer, early onset cataracts, pinguecula, pterygia, corneal and retinal sunburns.


For kids and teens, UV damage often presents itself later on in life. So it's especially important to start wearing sunglasses at a young age.

Take Breaks from the Screen

Have you ever heard of the 20/20/20 rule? This simply means to take a break from the screen every 20 minutes for 20 seconds and look at something roughly 20 feet away in the distance. This rule helps give your eyes breaks and reduce eyestrain from prolonged screen time even if you are already wearing prescription glasses.


Use Safety Eyewear

Safety glasses and goggles are the best way to protect your eyes during  construction, welding, grinding, sanding or even gardening. Shields and regular glasses do not replace protective eye wear as tiny projectiles can enter your eyes from many different angles and cause permanent vision loss or scarring.

Quit Smoking

As you know, smoking is harmful to your overall health which includes your eyes. Smoking increases your risk of cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma, retinopathy and dry eyes. Preventing vision loss is one of the many important reasons to quit smoking.